14th International Workshop on Vortex Matter in Superconductors
Nanjing is the capital of Jiangsu province in eastern China and has a prominent place in Chinese history and culture, having been the capital of China on several occasions. Its present name means "Southern Capital". Located in the lower Yangtze River drainage basin and Yangtze River Delta economic zone, Nanjing has long been one of China's most important cities. Nanjing has long been a national centre of education, research, transport networks and tourism. The city will host the 2014 Summer Youth Olympics.
Nanjing has a humid subtropical climate and is under the influence of the East Asia Monsoon. The four seasons are distinct here, with damp conditions seen throughout the year, very hot and muggy summers, cold, damp winters, and in between, spring and autumn are of reasonable length. The annual mean temperature is around 15.5 °C (59.9 °F), with monthly averages ranging from 2.4 to 27.8 °C .
History and culture
Nanjing is a city with a long history and rich cultural heritage. Beginning over 2,500 years ago and with the ebb and flow of dynastic shifts, reaching an apex in the Ming Dynasty, the city has carved its history into the banks of the Qinhuai River.Nanjing is one of the few cities that played a critical role in shaping the history of China. Being one of the four ancient capitals of China, Nanjing has always been a cultural centre attracting intellectuals from all over the country. In the Tang and Song Dynasties, Nanjing was a place where poets gathered and composed poems reminiscent of its luxurious past; during the Ming and Qing Dynasties, the city was the official imperial examination centre (Jiangnan Examination Hall) for the Jiangnan region, again acting as a hub where different thoughts and opinions converged and thrived.
Nanjing University is one of the oldest universities in China. A comprehensive university, Nanjing is highly ranked among Chinese institutions of higher learning. Following many changes through dynasties since CE 258, it was established as a modern new-type school in 1902 in the end period of Qing Dynasty, and became a modern university in the early 1920s, the early years of Republic of China, and is the first Chinese modern university with the combination of education and research.
The School of Physics at Nanjing University is one of first physics departments established in China, dated back to 1920 when NJU was known as Nanjing Higher Normal College. Since its pioneering days, the School of Physics has made great contributions to China's development and has since then become one of the best in the country.
The National Laboratory of Solid State Microstructures was established in 1984, among the first group of state key laboratories established in China. The Laboratory is affiliated with Nanjing University. As a fundamental research laboratory, the missions of NLSSM are to design and fabricate new artificial microstructured materials via designing and tailoring the energy band structures in reciprocal space, find out new macroscopic and microscopic quantum effects and principles, develop new theories and methodology based on quantum physics, and endeavor to meet the scientific challenges and technological requirements encountered in the post-Moore era and the post-petroleum era.